- Analysis of Sonnet 1 by William Shakespeare
- Shakespeare Sonnet 1: From Fairest Creatures We Desire Increase
- From the SparkNotes Blog
- Quatrains in Sonnet 1
Why or why not? He may be homosexual, but such a sexual orientation was not accepted in society at that time.
It is therefore plausible that he did exist, as he must have made an impact to inspire all of this work. In the poem, Shakespeare uses a rose analogy that draws upon the seasons to make his point. This makes sense, as the poem discusses procreation and the fair youth enjoying being young without thinking about the future.
Get better acquainted with Sonnet 1 with this roundup of key lines from the poem and their significance. In other words, time will take its toll on your looks, but your heir will remind the world of how beautiful you once were. Here, the poet tells the fair youth that he's so obsessed with his own beauty that he's creating a shortage of it, when he could be populating the world with it. Share Flipboard Email. Lee Jamieson has a M.
He lectured for six years on theater studies at Stratford-upon-Avon College in the U. That there by beau ty's rose might nev er die ,. Iambic pentameter again, with more alliteration. The focal point of the line is the rose in the original version it has a capital R ose , which is beauty's truth, not beauty per se.
This is important because it is a contrast to society's false beauty.
Analysis of Sonnet 1 by William Shakespeare
But as the ri per should by time de cease ,. The basic meaning here is that as we get older and ripen we soon die. Note the stress on the second syllable of de cease completely contrasting with the first line's increase. His ten der heir might bear his mem o ry ;. The second quatrain is much more challenging metrically and the language more ambiguous, reflecting the difficulty the speaker has.
This line includes a pyrrhic foot - the third - and a spondee, at the end, making this line, the start of the second quatrain, a focal point of the sonnet. Spondees tend to bring energy and emphasis with the double stress and in this case are a contrast to the mid-line pyrrhic, which is soft and quick. Why the change in metre meter in USA? Well, this line is aimed directly at the young man so is of great import.
The change adds gravitas. The speaker is suggesting that this fair youth is overly bound up in his own looks - contracted could mean both pledged and limited. Feed'st thy light's flame with self -sub stant ial fuel,. The opening trochee increases the tension building up from the previous line. The challenging consonants of f and l and s in such an alliterative clause make great demands on pronunciation for the reader. Here the speaker is suggesting that this fair youth is too wrapped up in himself, burning the candle at both ends and not sharing his light with the world.
Ma king a fam ine where a bun dance lies,. Another trochee begins this line, which then proceeds iambically.
Shakespeare Sonnet 1: From Fairest Creatures We Desire Increase
The speaker is having a go again, implying that the fair youth has so much to give to the world but offers only meagre scraps. Thy self thy foe , to thy sweet self too cruel. Back to regular iambic pentameter for the last line of the second quatrain. Full of alliteration, which provides texture and interest, there is also repetition which pushes home the message - this guy, this fair youth has a sweet personality but he is his own worst enemy.
The relentless onslaught continues, the speaker asserting that the young man in question is basically wasting his gift and his life. Thou that art now the world's fresh or na ment. The opening trochee alters the rhythm and is a mirror image of the dominant iamb, so the speaker is making a point - pointing a finger directly at this fair youth - and saying that this guy is the most handsome thing around. Such flattery comes with the first example of enjambment, a punctuation-free continuation into the next line.
The speaker's attempts to cajole the fair youth into marriage and fatherhood take the reader into a metaphorical Nature and the season of spring, the time for love, romance and conception. The word herald means a sign of something about to happen, in this case excessively showy spring. Note the pyrrhic foot two unstressed syllables in this scansion which quickens and quietens the line in readiness for the steady iambic finish. Nature is uppermost in the narrative again with this reference to the rose bud , the speaker suggesting that all of the youth's potential is buried, tight held in the non-blooming bud.
Note the regular iambics in this scansion plus the spondee bud buri in the middle. There are some who prefer a double spondee thine own bud buri and still others who read this as a pyrrhic plus spondee thine own bud buri. Shakespeare's penchant for opposites, for antithesis, is beautifully displayed in this line.
Tender , repeated from line 4, suggests youth and gentleness, whilst churl is a mean spirited peasant, a low ranker. And niggarding is to be miserly - such a waste of time and energy. Note the spondee in the middle of the line, echoing the previous line, the speaker's final attempt to persuade his wasteful friend. Pi ty the world , or else this glut ton be ,. The world's losses each day should be acknowledged and felt. Don't be greedy by consuming more than you need, starving others.
To eat the world's due, by the grave and thee. The world needs your offspring but you've denied it, not only with your own death but by leaving this world childless. To comment on this article, you must sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.
From the SparkNotes Blog
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To provide a better website experience, owlcation. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. Andrew Spacey more. William Shakespeare and a Summary of Sonnet 1 Sonnet 1 is the first of William Shakespeare's sonnets, first published in In it, the speaker urges the young man to get on with the job of procreating, to stop wasting precious time on himself.
Like many a teacher to a star pupil who lacks willpower and get up and go, there is a surplus of repetition as resistance sets in. The basic message is: have beautiful kids, life's too short you self-obsessed narcissist! Quatrains in Sonnet 1 The first quatrain focuses on the importance of having children and preserving beauty's truth, the rose. The third quatrain implies that it would be selfish not to propagate such beauty. Sonnet 1. Analysis of Sonnet 1 Sonnet 1 is a classic Shakespearean or English sonnet, having 14 lines, made up of an octet, a quatrain and an end couplet.
More Analysis Line by Line of Sonnet 1 - Metre Iambic pentameter, trochee and spondee Whilst iambic pentameter is the dominant metre meter in USA there is a mix of trochee and spondee with iamb to create more texture in sound and to allow for a more expressive rhythm.
Quatrains in Sonnet 1
That there by beau ty's rose might nev er die , Iambic pentameter again, with more alliteration. Further Line by Line Analysis The second quatrain is much more challenging metrically and the language more ambiguous, reflecting the difficulty the speaker has.
Feed'st thy light's flame with self -sub stant ial fuel, The opening trochee increases the tension building up from the previous line. Ma king a fam ine where a bun dance lies, Another trochee begins this line, which then proceeds iambically. Third Quatrain of Sonnet 1 The relentless onslaught continues, the speaker asserting that the young man in question is basically wasting his gift and his life.